NASA Apollo project Saturn V booster
History of the Saturn booster developmentBetween 1958 to 1960, before successful flight of Saturn I, Saturn IB, Saturn V boosters, many stage structures and the combinations has been studied. From the S-I : first stage to the S-V : fifth stage, it had been considered as a multi-stage rocket consisting of five boosters.
The configuration considered first was called Saturn A-1. On the S-I first stage, the first stage of Titan I booster is mounted as a second stage, Centaur is used as the third stage thereon. Saturn A-2 was designed with using bundled four Jupiter boosters as the second stage of the Saturn A-1.
Saturn B-1 is based on Saturn A-1. It is designed to replace the second stage by newly built stage mounting the four H-1 engines.
Saturn C-1 is a model that was flying as actual Saturn I. Use S-I as first stage, S-IV as a second stage. And equipped with a Centaur as third stage on it.
Saturn C-2 may use S-I as first stage, S-III as second stage, S-IV as third stage. And applies an S-V as a fourth stage by mission. S-III stage had been designed mounting two J-2 engines, and fuel the hydrozine and liquid oxygen.
Saturn C-3 is the final form of the Saturn booster. It uses S-I, S-II, S-III stage, and S-IV, S-V will added by mission. S-I stage of this form has been studied to enhance the thrust of original eight H-1 engines, or be replaced by one F-1 engine of center four H-1 engines.
NASA has decided to skip the development Saturn A, and B, to carry out the development of the Saturn C directly. However, they have changed the design to remove the S-III from Saturn C-2, mounting the S-II instead. Also Saturn C-3 were modified to mount four F-1 engines on the S-I stage. Saturn C-2, C-3 development was stopped thereafter. The design similar to the Saturn V (using S-I, S-II, S-IV) was confirmed as the Saturn C-4. Saturn C-5, which was reviewed the design of details, flew as actual Saturn V.
So Saturn C-1 was named Saturn I, Saturn C-5 was named Saturn V.
Related books and videos
[DVD] The Mighty Saturns
Fox Home Entertainme April 13, 2004 USD44.98
Standing 365 feet tall and generating a liftoff thrust of over seven and a half million pounds - the Saturn V launch vehicle remains the most powerful successful rocket ever flown. Built by hundreds of thousands of workers from all over the country, the Saturn V was born of the dream of a man on the moon. In just a few short years the Saturn V was conceived, designed, tested, constructed and launched on 13 successful missions, placing 12 human beings on the lunar surface. This three-DVD set features incredible footage of the story of the Saturn V. From rare footage of overcoming technological challenges in materials and techniques - to stunning digital transfers of original 35mm pad camera footage - you'll come to know the Saturn V as you've never known it before. Material on this disc has been collected from the National Archives, Johnson Space Center in Houston, and the lead center for the Saturn launch vehicles, Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Disc one contains an original program detailing the development of the Saturn V. With rare footage of the development of the engines and stages, you'll see the challenges faced and overcome by the Saturn team - and understand the scope of the task. Disc two contains footage from all 13 Saturn V launches, including reels presented "as it happened," just as it was shot in the camera. Disc three presents footage from pad cameras, transferred digitally from the original film - an outstanding collection of material showing the power of the moon rocket.
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Few launch vehicles are as iconic and distinctive as NASA's behemoth rocket, the Saturn V, and none left such a lasting impression on those who watched it ascend. Developed with the specific brief to send humans to the Moon, it pushed rocketry to new scales. Its greatest triumph is that it achieved its goal repeatedly with an enviable record of mission success. Haynes' Saturn V Manual tells the story of this magnificent and hugely powerful machine. It explains how each of the vehicle's three stages worked; Boeing's S-IC first stage with a power output as great as the UK's peak electricity consumption, North American Aviation's S-II troubled second stage, Douglas's workhorse S-IVB third stage with its instrument unit brain - as much a spacecraft as a rocket. From the decision to build it to the operation of its engines' valves and pumps, this lavishly illustrated and deeply informative book offers a deeper appreciation of the amazing Saturn V.
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Periscope Film LLC 2011/06/18 USD20.44
Designed by Wernher von Braun and Arthur Rudolph at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center, the Saturn V rocket represents the pinnacle of 20th Century technological achievement. The only launch vehicle in history to transport astronauts beyond Low Earth Orbit, the Saturn V delivered 24 men to the moon. To this day it holds records as the tallest (363 feet), heaviest (nearly 7 million lbs.) and most powerful (over 7.6 million pounds-force of thrust) launch vehicle ever produced. It also remains one of the most reliable, achieving 12 successful launches with one partial failure ― the unmanned Apollo 6 which suffered vibration damage on lift-off, resulting in a sub-standard orbit.
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America's Apollo Moon Rocket : Saturn V Countdown
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Progressive Management; 1 edition (August 24, 2000) USD19.77
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