Apollo project chronologyFrom LittleJoe-II to Saturn-V, many rockets were used for develop APOLLO spaceship. 11 flights were manned mission in total 33 flight. Here, I tried to summarize the launch of all Apollo program missions.
Apollo program insignia
About Apollo numberThe mission of AS-201 and AS-202 with Apollo CSM had been unofficially called as Apollo 1 and Apollo 2.
But after AS-204 tragedy, in the spring of 1967, NASA's Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight, Dr. George E. Mueller, announced the AS-204 mission would be called as Apollo 1 in honor of the crew. And AS-501 was called Apollo 4 as before. So no missions were ever designated Apollo 2 and Apollo 3.
And Saturn-1B booster SA-204 which was assigned for AS-204, was used for Apollo 5.
Apollo mission type classificationIn the Apollo project, 10 types of missions were planned, from A mission to J mission, depending on the content.
|A||Unmanned||Saturn V booster and CM re-entry test||Apollo 4, 6|
|B||Unmanned||LM unattended test||Apollo 5|
|C||manned||Testing of CSM, residential equipment and navigation systems in earth orbit||Apollo 7|
|D||manned||CSM and LM integrated operation test in earth orbit||Apollo 9|
|E||manned||CSM and LM integrated operation test in deep space||Not implemented|
|F||manned||Rehearsal for lunar landing||Apollo 10|
|G||manned||Lunar landing mission||Apollo 11|
|H||manned||Lunar exploration with full-scale equipment on LM for more advanced lunar exploration||Apollo 12,13,14|
|I||manned||Lunar exploration with CSM equipped with remote sensing equipment. No lunar landing.||Not implemented|
|J||manned||Lunar exploration using LM that can stay on the moon for a long time.||Apollo 15,16,17|
Manned flight mission
Project Apollo: The Early Years, 1961-1967 (America in Space Series)
Schiffer 2016/10/28 USD19.99
In May 1961, American president John F. Kennedy committed the nation to carrying out a manned landing on the moon before the end of the decade. This volume covers the early years of the Apollo program (1960-1967), still the most significant space effort in the history of mankind. In a very short time, NASA developed the mighty Saturn rockets, the Apollo spacecraft, and the lunar lander. This breathtaking development came at a cost, however, as in 1967 astronauts Virgil Grissom, Roger Chaffee, and Edward White lost their lives during a test. Ten months after the catastrophe, however, the Saturn V, America’s moon rocket, made its triumphal unmanned maiden flight. After that, just twenty more months would pass before man set foot on another celestial body for the first time.
All of Apollo missions
|Purple||Test Flight||Launch vehicle and spacecraft deveropment flight|
|Blue||Abort test||Apollo spacecraft abort test|
|Green||Trajectory flight||Trajectory flight|
|Yellow||The earth orbit flight||The earth orbit flight|
|Orange||The moon orbit flight||The moon orbit flight|
|Red||The moon landing flight||The moon landing flight|