APOLLO 13 : AS-508

Apollo 13 insignia

Apollo 13 prime crew

James A. Lovell Jr.(CDP), John L. Swigert, Jr.(CMP), Fred W. Haise, Jr.(LMP), (Left to right)

Mission Status

Launch date 11. Apr. 1970 19:13:00 UTC(14:13:00 EST)
Mission Designation AS-508 / SA-508
Launch Pad PAD 39A
Spacecraft
CSM CSM-109 (Odyssey)
LM LM-7 (Aquarius)
Launch vehcle
Type Saturn V
First Stage S-IC-8
Second Stage S-II-8
Third stage S-IVB-508
Instrument Unit(IU) S-IU-508
Prime crew
Commander Pilot:CDP James A. Lovell Jr.
CM Pilot:CMP John L. Swigert, Jr.
LM Pilot:LMP Fred W. Haise, Jr.
Backup crew
Commander Pilot:CDP John W. Young
CM Pilot:CMP John L. Swigert, Jr.
He changed to prime crew place with Thomas K. Mattingly. II : who have no immunity to bastard measles Charles M. Duke come down with.
LM Pilot:LMP Charles M. Duke
Mission Objective
Perform selenological inspection, survey and sampling of materials in a preselected region of the Fra Mauro formation. Deploy and activate an Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package (ALSEP). Develop man's capability to work in the lunar environment. Obtain photographs of candidate exploration sites.
Mission Result
During second stage boost the center engine of the S-II stage cut off 132 seconds early, causing the remaining four engines to burn 34 seconds longer than normal. The velocity after S-II burn was still lower than planned by 68 m/sec, so the S-IVB orbital insertion burn at 19:25:40 was 9 seconds longer than planned.
At 03:06:18 UT Jack Swigert turned the fans on to stir oxygen tanks 1 and 2 in the service module. The Accident Review Board concluded that wires which had been damaged during pre-flight testing in oxygen tank no. 2 shorted and the teflon insulation caught fire. The fire spread within the tank, raising the pressure until at 3:07:53 UT on 14 April (10:07:53 EST 13 April; 55:54:53 mission elapsed time) oxygen tank no. 2 exploded, damaging oxygen tank no. 1 and the interior of the service module and blowing off the bay no. 4 cover. With the oxygen stores depleted, the command module was unusable, the mission had to be aborted, and the crew transferred to the lunar module and powered down the command module.
At 08:43 UT a mid-course maneuver (11.6 m/s delta V) was performed using the lunar module descent propulsion system (LMDPS) to place the spacecraft on a free-return trajectory which would take it around the Moon and return to Earth. After rounding the Moon another LMDPS burn at 02:40:39 UT 15 April for 263.4 seconds produced a differential velocity of 262 m/s and shortened the estimated return time. To conserve power and other consumables the lunar module was powered down except for environmental control, communications, and telemetry. At 04:32 UT on 16 April a 15 second LMDPS burn at 10% throttle produced a 2.3 m/s velocity decrease and raised the entry flight path angle to -6.52 degrees. Following this the crew partially powered up the CSM. On 17 April at 12:53 UT a 22.4 second LMDPS burn put the flight path entry angle at -6.49 degrees. The service module was jettisoned on 17 April at 13:15:06 UT and the crew took photographs of the damage. The command module was powered up and lunar module was jettisoned at 16:43:02 UT. Apollo 13 splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on 17 April 1970 at 18:07:41 UT.
Parameters
Launch weight2,912,663(kg)
Lunar orbits0
Duration142:54:41(5days and 22hours)
Landing Location(none)
Splashed down17.Apr.1970 18:07:41 UTC (13:07:41 EST)
Splashdown pointPacific Ocean:21 deg 38 min S, 165 deg 22 min W: SE of American Samoa
Recovery shipU.S.S Iwo Jima

CSM-109 Apollo13 Odyssey
BLOCK2.

LM-7 Apollo13 Aquarius
About the same specification with LM6.

Mission Photos


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Apollo 13 Mission Highlights

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